Fruit – Vegetable – Tropical Fruits
There are two theories regarding its origin: Either the first satsumas developed from original Chinese seeds on the Japanese island Nagashima, or it is a Spanish cross-breeding emanating from the classical mandarin.
The satsuma belongs to the varieties of the mandarins, like the tangerine. There are more than 100 species of satsuma, which differentiate in time of the ripeness, shape of the fruit and in the flavour. The shrubs grow in the Tropics, however they prosper better in cool subtropical climate zones. Their fruits mature earlier than all other mandarins.
A great deal of the Japanese citrus production accounts for the satsumas. Since the fruits are not suitable for storage, the cultivation countries — besides Japan also Spain — have tried to breed a variety matures earliers, so the harvesting season can be extended.
They are primarily imported from Spain and the Turkey, from August to January.
Mature fruits can be stored for approximately 6 days at room temperature. Like all other citrus fruits, satsumas will not continue to ripen after the harvest.