Pome Fruit – Pipfruit

Pome fruits are all the fruits that are in a case and contain several small seeds. Most kinds of pome fruit best prosper in moderate climate zones with a cool winter and mild summer.

The most important kinds of commercially cultivated pome fruit are apples (Malus domestica), pears (Pyrus spp.), quinces (Cydonia oblonga, Chaenomeles spp.), pomegranates (Punica granatum) and medlars (Mespilus germanica). Other kinds of pome fruit such as chokecherries (Prunus virginiana), chokeberries (Aronia spp.), hawthorn (Crataegus spp.), juneberries (Amelanchier spp.), loquats (Eryobotrya japonica), rowans (Sorbus spp.) and sorb apples (Sorbus domestica) are either found growing in the wild or being used as ornamental shrubs.

Cultivation of pome fruit has a very long tradition in Europe. Apples and pears have been cultivated for at least 2000 years. The originally cultivated plants from apples come from Eastern Europe and West Asia, while the original pears come from East Asia