Rosaceae – Rose family
Prunus persica


The peach originates from China.


Peaches, the fruits of relatively small trees are velvety and pubescent. The peach fruit is roundish with a noticeable longitudinal furrow, the silky and hairy bowl is coloured yellow to red.


The peach turned into such a popular fruit because its juicy, sweet and highly aromatic pulp, which contains a hard stone.


The cultivation of peaches takes place in all countries around the globe with warm-moderate climates, in subtropical summer rain regions as well as in the higher situations of the Tropics. Italy is considered to be the “peach orchard” of Europe. Further cultivation areas are to be found in France, Spain, Greece, the USA, South America, China, Australia and South Africa.


The import season begins at the end of April with Spanish peaches. In the height of the season from June to September, the main supply comes from Italy, followed by Greece, Spain and France. Moroccan produce is only present at the start of the season while Turkish imports come in the second half. During the winter half of the year, the start of the season begins in early November and ends in March/April with supply coming from Chile and South Africa.


It is astonishing how many vitamins and bio materials are contained in peaches. The colours of the peach point to high content of Beta-carotene (for cell protection). The high portion of niazin (vitamin B3) in connection with magnesium, selenium and zinc improves the mood and eases nervousness.

Species and Varieties

A distinction is drawn between fruits separating from the stone ease or difficulty, while the former are usually are white-pulped and early or medium-early ripening, the latter are yellow-pulped varieties. White-pulped varieties are particularly juicy and aromatic but partially sensitive. Yellow-pulped varieties are large, sweet and aromatic with the advantage of reacting more insensitively to transport and contact.