Fruit – Vegetable – Tropical Fruits
Guavas come from an area, which stretches as a wide belt from Mexico to the West-Indian Islands all the way to Brazil. They were obviously cultivated a very long time ago: The Spaniard Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo reported the fruit in 1526 in his natural history of refining from breeding cultivated varieties planted by the South American Indians. The Spanish brought the plants to the Philippines and the Portuguese imported them to India. In 1912, The first commercial guava plantation was grown in Florida.
The original 3 to 10 m high trees with strong branches are held low in plantations like shrubs. The fruit develops from the small white blooms with stamens that stand like dense fronds above the petals, the fruits develop — depending on variety — very differently in shape, colour and flavour.
Today, guavas grow in all tropical and subtropical countries where large and small, sweet and sour, seedless and slightly seeded varieties are cultivated.
They are imported all the year round from Colombia and Brazil, white-meaty guavas come from Israel in Autumn, red-meaty varieties are mainly imported from South Africa. Other suppliers are Thailand, India and Pakistan.
The fruit may be consumed raw as well put in sweet and hearty salads.They can also be mashed for fruit sauces, creams or drinks or stewed for compote.
Ripe fruits may be put it the fridge for a maximum of two days, but in any case they should be separated from fruit and other foodstuffs. At post-maturation they should be stored at room temperature.