Fruit – Vegetable – Tropical Fruits
From a botanical point of view, grapefruits are like all citrus fruit berries as they grow in clusters and look like enormous grapes. And so the English name is derived from grape.
It has been the popular breakfast fruit of the Americans for at least 200 years. It probably originates in the Caribbean from a natural crossbreeding between oranges (Citrus sinensis) and shaddocks (Citrus grandis). From the beginning of the 19th Century, the term grapefruit emerged in Barbados and Jamaica. At approximately the same time, the French introduced it into Florida; in around 1880 the commercial cultivation of it began in the USA.
Today, grapefruits grow just about everywhere other citrus fruits are cultivated; the US States of Florida, California, Texas and Arizona grow about 60 % of world production.
They are imported all year round from the USA, Israel, Spain, Turkey, Cyprus, South America and countries in southern Africa.
It may be spooned out and eaten or used in sweet dishes and hearty salads. It can also be steamed as a compote with ice-cream and pancakes, stewed in curry dishes with light-coloured meat, boiled down with oranges as jam or squeezed for beverages.
Ripe fruits may be stored for approximately 14 days at room temperature. Like all other citrus fruits, grapefruits do not continue to ripen after harvest.