Cherry

Cherry

Plural:
Cherries
Family:
Rosaceae – Rose family
Species:
Prunus avium (sweet cherry), Prunus cerasus (sour cherry)

Origin

The Cherry that was consumed by the Romans has its home in the entire European and Asiatic continents. Mainly the Black Cherry and game forms of the Morello Cherry have been involved into the development of the multitudinous contemporary cultivated forms.

Fruit

Cherries grow on up to 20 m high trees. The roundish fruits have different colours: yellow, reddish to nearly black. They weigh between 5 and over 10 g.

Flavour

The completely unique fruit flavour makes it unbeatable in taste: classy, sweet, sickly and juicy.

Cultivation

Today Cherries are cultivated worldwide in the moderate climates. Europe is the leader with 75 % of all production. The largest producers of sweet cherries are Turkey, the USA and Italy.

Ingredients

Cherries are extraordinarily healthy; the juice and flesh are bursting with valuable nutrients. They contain high amounts of vitamin C (for immune system, andmental freshness) and folic acid (important for brain and nerves, haematopoieses and growth). Cherries offer a lot of calcium (for bones, teeth, neural functions), iron (for haematopoieses and cellular respiration) and potassium (for cell supply, works draining).

Importations

The domestic Cherry takes the season from June until August (height of the season is in July), for the Morello cherry from June to September (height of the season is in July/August). Although the domestic harvest is considerable, still substantial quantities of sweet and sour cherries are imported from Turkey, Italy, Spain, France, Greece and Hungary.

Species and Varieties

The fruit trade differentiates between Sweet Cherries and Sour Cherries. With Sweet Cherries a distinction is drawn between Heart Cherries (soft flesh) and Bigarreau Cherries (firm flesh). They are both in dark varieties with red, coloring juice and in yellow or multicolored varieties with bright, uncoloured juice. For Sour Cherries one differentiates Morellos (soft-flesh,dark fruits, red juice, coloring) and Amarelles (yellow or multicolored, bright juice, no coloring).